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*The chart organizes the standards into four quarter-length modules that include the knowledge and skills students will learn and apply over the course of the year. These modules are offered as optional models to consider when constructing a year-long course of instruction. The chart is meant to illustrate and provide context for the standards (but not replace engaging with the standards themselves).*
In each module, students are expected to take a close look at the texts they encounter through the lenses of the following skills rooted in the standards.
Cite evidence: The goal of close, analytic reading is for students to be able to discern and cite evidence from the text to support assertions. In grade 8, students should cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports their analysis when both explicitly explaining the text and making inferences (RL/RI.8.1).
Analyze content: The content of each text should determine which standards (RL/RI.8.2-9 and SL.8.2-3) to target, allowing teachers to focus instruction and ensure that all the standards have been taught by the end of the year.
Study and apply grammar: While grammar is meant to be a normal, everyday part of what students do, students should be taught explicit lessons in grammar as they read, write, and speak, guided by L.8.1-3.
Study and apply vocabulary: To focus vocabulary instruction on words that students would be encouraged to use in writing and speaking, students should be given 5–10 Tier 2 academic words per week for each text (L.8.4-6). Students require multiple exposures to targeted vocabulary words in authentic contexts to retain an understanding of the words’ meaning(s) and use the words effectively when writing and speaking.
Conduct discussions: Students should engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (one-on-one, small group, teacher-led), building on others’ ideas and expressing their own based on evidence. Students ask and respond to specific questions as well as acknowledge new information and qualify or justify their own views in light of the evidence presented (SL.8.1).
Report findings: Using appropriate eye contact, adequate volume, and clear pronunciation, students orally present claims in a logical, coherent manner with valid reasoning and relevant evidence to accentuate main ideas or themes (SL.8.4-6).