Item Development

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Item Development

PARCC states are working closely with two sets of contractors to develop the items and tasks for the PARCC mid-year, performance-based and end-of-year assessments. 

Item development has two phases:

  • The first phase of item development contracts were awarded to ETS and Pearson. ETS' proposal can be found here and Pearson's can be found here.  Phase I of Item Development began in the fall of 2012 and will be complete in late summer 2013.
  • The second phase will begin as soon as Phase II is complete in late summer 2013 and run through late summer 2014.  The contracts for Phase II will be awarded to one or more of the Phase I contractors, based on the quality of work in the first year.

Item and Passage Reviews

State experts, local educators, postsecondary faculty and community members from across the PARCC states are conducting rigorous reviews of every item and passage being developed for the PARCC assessment system to ensure all test items are of the highest quality, aligned to the Common Core State Standards, and fair for all student populations.  PARCC’s process allows for an unprecedented collaboration among states and their K-12 and higher education communities to provide state-led quality assurance and oversight of the tests’ development.  All PARCC item reviewers are nominated by their state education agency.

PARCC’s item and passage review process includes a thorough sequence of reviews by the following teams of educators and state and local agency staff.  Only items that are approved by these teams of reviewers will appear on the PARCC summative assessments.

 

 

Additional Information
PARCC Passage and Item Development Process Descriptions and Timelines (PDF)PARCC Passage and Item Development Process Descriptions and Timelines (PDF)
Guidelines for Bias/Sensitivity Reviewers (Developed by ETS based on industry best practices, Adopted by PARCC) (PDF)Guidelines for Bias/Sensitivity Reviewers (Developed by ETS based on industry best practices, Adopted by PARCC) (PDF)
Introductory Training PowerPoint for Bias/Sensitivity Reviewers (PPT)Introductory Training PowerPoint for Bias/Sensitivity Reviewers (PPT)
Training PowerPoint for ELA/Literacy Core Leadership ReviewersTraining PowerPoint for ELA/Literacy Core Leadership Reviewers
Training PowerPoint for State Educator ELA/Literacy Item and Task ReviewersTraining PowerPoint for State Educator ELA/Literacy Item and Task Reviewers
Training PowerPoint for State Educator ELA/Literacy Passage ReviewersTraining PowerPoint for State Educator ELA/Literacy Passage Reviewers
PARCC Mathematics CLG Training (PPT)PARCC Mathematics CLG Training (PPT)
Training PowerPoint for State Educator Mathematics ReviewersTraining PowerPoint for State Educator Mathematics Reviewers
Bias/Sensitivity Guidelines for ELA/Literacy Items and Tasks (PDF)Bias/Sensitivity Guidelines for ELA/Literacy Items and Tasks (PDF)
Bias/Sensitivity Guidelines for ELA/Literacy PassagesBias/Sensitivity Guidelines for ELA/Literacy Passages
Bias/Sensitivity Guidelines for Mathematics Items and Tasks (PDF)Bias/Sensitivity Guidelines for Mathematics Items and Tasks (PDF)
General Criteria for ELA/Literacy and Mathematics Reviewers (PDF)General Criteria for ELA/Literacy and Mathematics Reviewers (PDF)
General Criteria for Mathematics Core Leadership ReviewersGeneral Criteria for Mathematics Core Leadership Reviewers
General Criteria for Educator Review of Passages (ELA/Literacy) (PDF)General Criteria for Educator Review of Passages (ELA/Literacy) (PDF)
General Criteria for Mathematics Educator Reviewers (PDF)General Criteria for Mathematics Educator Reviewers (PDF)

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